Central vision is the middle circular part of vision, the area that one’s attention is focused on. Without this vision, one cannot see what they are trying to focus on, while they see everything else. Individuals can see around the focal point, but their sight is fuzzy, and they cannot make out anything that is front of them.
Peripheral vision is the outside part, where you can see things coming at you from the side. Without this, one can have tunnel vision, in which there is a definite focal point but nothing else around it. Poor peripheral vision leads to accidents because of the limited perspective.
You can discern the difference by placing the pointer finger of each hand in front of your face with your arms straight out. Choose one finger and focus on it. While staring at the first finger, swing your other finger and arm slowly away from it. Measure the distance of your peripheral vision by ascertaining the line where the finger can no longer be seen by your peripheral vision.
In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus preached on trusting in the Father’s providence. Several times He says not to worry (Matthew 6:25, 27, 28, 31, 34), concluding with “Seek first the kingdom of God...” (Matt. 6:33). This lesson will look at priorities when understanding the will of God.
Many things in this world are needed and take up our central vision. Some peripheral concerns we also need to be aware of. While to many the difference between central and peripheral concerns is implicitly common sense, Jesus sets a new way of thinking which becomes crucial to find that sweet spot in the will of God.
Write out Matthew 6:19–34 from the translation of your choice. If you’re pressed for time, write out Matthew 6:31–34. You may also rewrite the passage in your own words, outline, or mind map the chapter.
“Seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you” (Matt. 6:33). Though this is the phrase that we are most familiar with, the verse is the conclusion of the passage, where Christ has preached on what people should be truly concerned about. In Matthew 6:25, He says not to worry about our lives. In verse 28, He says not to take thought of our clothing. In verses 31 and 34, He speaks of not worrying about food or about the future. These are things that the world frets over. In other words, they are central concerns on which economies, governments, societies, and even civilizations are based. The acquisition of goods, the security of peace, protection against the natural elements, and the guarantee of future existence are what drive people throughout history. These become central while the spiritual concerns become peripheral. In one sermon, Christ preaches of turning things upside down through an inVerse perspective!
Instead of “these things,” Jesus places the kingdom of God and God’s righteousness (another word for His character) as central. He teaches that “these things” cannot be the central aspect of life, because they can be stolen. Christ is making a value statement for His disciple followers. Though the Father knows we have need of them, if we focus on “these things,” they will be taken from us through rust, moths, and thieves. Another way of looking at this is that time will lessen their value (rust); if not time then other natural entities will destroy them (moths); and if not these entities, then human individuals and organizations may steal them (thieves).
Whether it is fame, beauty, wealth, strength, relationships, family, security, or anything else under the sun, Christ is saying that time, things, and thieves can ruin the value we place on them. They are still important in our lives, but Christ says they must be put into our peripheral vision, not left in central.
If we place “these things” as central, then multiple things will occur. First, we will expend unnecessary energy and resources to attain them, which Christ pastorally counsels us against. Second, once we do acquire these things, they will be vulnerable to loss. Third, they do not produce what the hopes of the heart expect them to.
If we place God first, then He Himself will add them to us. They will be secured in heaven (Matt. 6:20) where the rust, moths, and thieves cannot get them. And finally, placing God in our central vision deepens our relationship with Him, for as verse 32 says, “Your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things.”
Ellen White writes in Fundamentals of Christian Education (see this week’s inSight) that those who make Jesus first, last, and best are the happiest people in the world. As the previous section talked about making Jesus first, the question remains, What does making Him last mean?
In a classic illustration, an individual has a bunch of large rocks, smaller stones, and sand to put into a jar. In trying to put everything into it, placing the finer sand and smaller stones first prevents the largest rocks from fitting in. The largest rocks should be placed first, to be followed by the little stones and then the sand to fill the gaps in between. The lesson is that the largest should be placed first. Since the largest value in our lives should be spiritual, these are the principles we should cultivate and encourage in the decisions of our lives.
If we can take an inVerse approach, however, though the rocks are the largest, the smallest sand is just as important. It fills in the empty space between the stones and rocks. Not only should Jesus be the largest to us but also the smallest (and therefore, last) component that brings everything together. It’s not so much about putting everything in but rather filling all of the empty space with Him. Perhaps, after all that, we find there is even space for even finer things—liquids, and even gases. Shouldn’t God be the last and the most plentiful entity we fill our lives with?
Analogies have their limitations, but the point remains that not only is making God first is important but also to look at all the decisions we’ve made by the end of the day, or in a project, a stage of life, or your whole life, thus far, and realize that God was in the biggest chunks as well as in all the little gaps in life as well. Not only should we ask the question, Was God the largest part of our lives, but also, was He in every part of our lives?
Beyond just setting the priority of spiritual things, seeking God first and last is making God an inseparable part of our minds, hearts, decisions, thoughts, and our entire lives. We often relegate spiritual things as a formality or attempt to assign numeric value to things in a list in trying to make God first. But beyond these human attempts, God is seeking to be at one with us, in every component of our time on earth, in order to prepare us for our time together with Him in heaven. He yearns to be our first and our last; our Alpha and our Omega; our beginning and our end.
The question still remains as to what are the kingdom of God and His righteousness. The Greek word for kingdom is basileia, which denotes the territory subject to the king’s dominion. The English word kingdom is the shortened version of just that—the king’s dominion. Are we to spend our lives in expanding the territorial property of God? Though there have been mistaken Christian interpretations of this verse, we are not called to expand the enterprise of the church through acquisition and procurement. After all, the psalmist says of God, “The heavens are Yours, the earth also is Yours; the world and all its fullness, You have founded them” (Psalm 89:11).
Then what is implied with seeking the territory of heaven? God is not in need of land as much as He is in need of the hearts of humanity. “ ‘The kingdom of God does not come with observation; nor will they say, “See here!” or “See there!” For indeed, the kingdom of God is within you’ ” (Luke 17:20, 21). Romans 14:17 says, “The kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.”
Making God first, last, and best involves putting soul-winning motivations above personal ones in our decision making. When choosing elective classes for our degrees, we should have an evangelistic eye to see where we can expand the kingdom of God, rather than the expansion of something else. When choosing a house to live in, it is the mind of expanding God’s kingdom into hearts that should motivate us rather than equity, mortgage rates, and resale value. The ultimate reason for raising our children should be for their salvation as well as the training of new soul-winners for the kingdom rather than just mere biological and sociological dynamics. Choosing an occupation should involve strategizing the most evangelistic potential rather than annual income and career building.
Not only does Christ mention the expansion of the kingdom of God, but He also equates with it the reproduction of His character, or His righteousness, in us. Whatever we decide to do, we should ask, will it develop Christ’s character in us? Will it facilitate the production of the fruit of the Spirit in me? Will I be able to share my Lord and Savior’s spirit with those around me?
Most Christians know exactly how they want to live their lives and want God to bless them to achieve that. But God’s vision is much larger: He knows how He wants us to live and wants us to bless Him to achieve it.
“Dear youth, what is the aim and purpose of your life? Are you ambitious for education that you may have a name and position in the world? Have you thoughts that you dare not express, that you may one day stand upon the summit of intellectual greatness; that you may sit in deliberative and legislative councils, and help to enact laws for the nation? There is nothing wrong in these aspirations. You may every one of you make your mark. You should be content with no mean attainments. Aim high, and spare no pains to reach the standard.
“The fear of the Lord lies at the foundation of all true greatness. Integrity, unswerving integrity, is the principle that you need to carry with you into all the relations of life. Take your religion into your school-life, into your boarding-house, into all your pursuits. The important question with you now is, how to so choose and perfect your studies that you will maintain the solidity and purity of an untarnished Christian character, holding all temporal claims and interests in subjection to the higher claims of the gospel of Christ. You want now to build as you will be able to furnish, to so relate yourself to society and to life that you may answer the purpose of God in your creation. As disciples of Christ, you are not debarred from engaging in temporal pursuits; but you should carry your religion with you. Whatever the business you may qualify yourself to engage in, never entertain the idea that you cannot make a success of it without sacrificing principle.
“Balanced by religious principle, you may climb to any height you please. We would be glad to see you rising to the noble elevation God designs that you shall reach. Jesus loves the precious youth; and He is not pleased to see them grow up with uncultivated, undeveloped talents. They may become strong men of firm principle, fitted to be intrusted with high responsibilities, and to this end they may lawfully strain every nerve.
“But never commit so great a crime as to pervert your God-given powers to devil and destroy others. There are gifted men who use their ability to spread moral ruin and corruption; but all such are sowing seed that will produce a harvest which they will not be proud to reap. It is a fearful thing to use God-given abilities in such a way as to scatter blight and woe instead of blessing in society. It is also a fearful thing to fold the talent intrusted to us in a napkin, and hide it away in the world; for this is casting away the crown of life. God claims our service. There are responsibilities for every one to bear; and we can fulfill life’s grand mission only when these responsibilities are fully accepted, and faithfully and conscientiously discharged.
“Says the wise man, ‘Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth.’ But do not for a moment suppose that religion will make you sad and gloomy and will block up the way to success. The religion of Christ does not obliterate or even weaken a single faculty. It in no way incapacitates you for the enjoyment of any real happiness; it is not designed to lessen your interest in life, or to make you indifferent to the claims of friends and society. It does not mantle the life in sackcloth; it is not expressed in deep-drawn sighs and groans. No, no; those who in everything make God first and last and best, are the happiest people in the world. Smiles and sunshine are not banished from their countenance. Religion does not make the receiver coarse and rough, untidy and uncourteous; on the contrary, it elevates and ennobles him, refines his taste, sanctifies his judgment, and fits him for the society of heavenly angels and for the home that Jesus has gone to prepare.
“Let us never lose sight of the fact that Jesus is a wellspring of joy. He does not delight in the misery of human beings, but loves to see them happy. Christians have many sources of happiness at their command, and they may tell with unerring accuracy what pleasures are lawful and right. They may enjoy such recreations as will not dissipate the mind or debase the soul, such as will not disappoint, and leave a sad after influence to destroy self-respect or bar the way to usefulness. If they can take Jesus with them, and maintain a prayerful spirit, they are perfectly safe.
“The Psalmist says: ‘The entrance of Thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding to the simple.’ As an educating power the Bible is without a rival. No scientific works are so well adapted to develop the mind as a contemplation of the great and vital truths and practical lessons of the Bible. No other book has ever been printed which is so well calculated to give mental power. Men of the greatest intellects, if not guided by the word of God in their research, become bewildered; they cannot comprehend the Creator or His works. But set the mind to grasp and measure eternal truth, summon it to effort by delving for the jewels of truth in the rich mine of the word of God, and it will never become dwarfed and enfeebled, as when left to dwell upon commonplace subjects.
“The Bible is the most instructive and comprehensive history that has ever been given to the world. Its sacred pages contain the only authentic account of the creation. Here we behold the power that ‘stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth.’ Here we have a truthful history of the human race, one that is unmarred by human prejudice or human pride.
“In the word of God we find subject for the deepest thought; its truths arouse to the loftiest aspiration. Here we hold communion with patriarchs and prophets, and listen to the voice of the Eternal as He speaks with men. Here we behold what the angels contemplate with wonder,—the Son of God, as He humbled Himself to become our substitute and surety, to cope single-handed with the powers of darkness, and to gain the victory in our behalf.
“Our youth have the precious Bible; and if all their plans and purposes are tested by the Holy Scriptures, they will be led into safe paths. Here we may learn what God expects of the beings formed in His image. Here we may learn how to improve the present life, and how to secure the future life. No other book can satisfy the questionings of the mind, and the cravings of the heart. By giving heed to the teachings of God’s word, men may rise from the lowest depths of ignorance and degradation to become sons of God, associates of sinless angels.
“The more the mind dwells upon these themes, the more it will be seen that the same principles run through natural and spiritual things. There is harmony between nature and Christianity; for both have the same Author. The book of nature and the book of revelation indicate the working of the same divine mind. There are lessons to be learned in nature; and there are lessons, deep, earnest, and all-important lessons, to be learned from the book of God.
“Young friends, the fear of the Lord lies at the very foundation of all progress; it is the beginning of wisdom. Your Heavenly Father has claims upon you; for without solicitation or merit on your part He gives you the bounties of His providence; and more than this, He has given you all heaven in one gift, that of His beloved Son. In return for this infinite gift, He claims of you willing obedience. As you are bought with a price, even the precious blood of the Son of God, He requires that you make a right use of the privileges you enjoy. Your intellectual and moral faculties are God’s gifts, talents intrusted to you for wise improvement, and you are not at liberty to let them lie dormant for want of proper cultivation, or be crippled and dwarfed by inaction. It is for you to determine whether or not the weighty responsibilities that rest upon you shall be faithfully met, whether or not your efforts shall be well directed and your best.
“We are living in the perils of the last days. All heaven is interested in the characters you are forming. Every provision has been made for you, that you should be a partaker of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. Man is not left alone to conquer the powers of evil by his own feeble efforts. Help is at hand, and will be given every soul who really desires it. Angels of God, that ascend and descend the ladder that Jacob saw in vision, will help every soul who wills to climb even to the highest heaven. They are guarding the people of God, and watching how every step is taken. Those who climb the shining way will be rewarded; they will enter into the joy of their Lord” (Fundamentals of Christian Education, 82–86)